Disability Glossary

The definitions for these terms mostly come from public documents and standards. Let us know how we can improve the definitions and the utility of this glossary. Thank you.

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#CripTheVote

#CripTheVote is a nonpartisan campaign to engage both voters and politicians in a productive discussion about disability issues in the United States with the hope that disability takes on greater prominence within the American political landscape. Founded by Gregg Beratan, Andrew Pulrang, and Alice Wong. While #CripTheVote is a nonpartisan project, we understand that many…

#DisabilityDemocracy

The Disabled Community needs a seat at the table. Voting. Running for office. Access to public meetings and spaces. We need to act to make this happen at every level. Voting is a Disability Issue Only 55.9% of all eligible voters with disabilities voted in the 2016 election. Voters with learning disabilities need time to…

508

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act was enacted to eliminate barriers in information technology, to make available new opportunities for people with disabilities, and to encourage development of technologies that will help achieve these goals. Under Section 508 (29 U.S.C. § 794d), Federal Agencies must give disabled employees and members of the public access to…

abandoned ballot

Ballot that the voter did not place in the ballot box or record as cast on DRE before leaving the polling place

absentee ballot

Ballot cast by a voter unable to vote in person at his or her polling place on Election Day

Accelerator keys

Usually combinations of characters that allow users to make software commands instead of interacting with menu options or different levels of a user interface, also known as keyboard shortcuts.

acceptance testing

Examination of a voting system and its components by the purchasing election authority (usually in a simulated-use environment) to validate performance of delivered units in accordance with procurement requirements, and to validate that the delivered system is, in fact, the certified system purchased.

Access Board (US Access Board)

Independent federal agency whose primary mission is accessibility for people with disabilities and a leading source of information on accessible design. United States Access Board

Accessibility

The measure of a web page’s usability by persons with one or more disabilities. Measurable characteristics that indicate the degree to which a system is available to, and usable by, individuals with disabilities. The most common disabilities include those associated with vision, hearing and mobility, as well as cognitive disabilities.

Accessible

Refers to the concept that people with disabilities are able to access and use a product or system, including with the help of assistive technologies. For example, an “accessible” web site may be designed so that the text can be enlarged by the user, rather than having a fixed font size, or may be designed…